Tropical Disease Facts
 

Preventing Tropical Diseases

Missionaries and volunteers with Peace Corps know that there are a few things that can be done to try to prevent exposure to tropical diseases. Before leaving for destinations where tropical diseases are active it is important to see a medical professional regarding vaccinations.

 
Those who live in and those who travel to countries where tropical disease are active can take preventative measures in an effort to stave off infection, but the bottom line is that these diseases exist and anyone who lives in or travels to infected areas are at risk.

Missionaries and volunteers with Peace Corps know that there are a few things that can be done to try to prevent exposure to tropical diseases. Before leaving for destinations where tropical diseases are active it is important to see a medical professional regarding vaccinations. Tropical diseases like yellow fever have vaccinations that can be taken prior to departure. Medicine is available to help ward off malaria.

It helps when you are in tropical disease infested areas to wear long-sleeved shirts and knee-high boots and to wear insect repellent that contains DEET. It is also necessary to sleep using mosquito netting.

Tropical diseases are devastating in poor countries. Those who travel to these countries do run the risk of exposure and infection. No one is immune no matter your country of origin. It is not just those who travel to countries where active tropical diseases that are at risk; those who come in contact with these travelers once they return to their country of origin are also at risk.

Poorly developed countries are at risk for these tropical diseases because they lack the financial ability to combat these diseases effectively.

Rare Tropical Diseases

Specialist who know where the disease outbreaks are occurring and what to do to prevent contracting these diseases can be found at astmh.org so check this Website during your preparations for traveling to be well informed about what you may need to do to protect yourself against tropical diseases while traveling. Rare Tropical Diseases

It is not only the lack of finances but also the availability of the conditions that promote these diseases. The conditions are unsanitary living arrangements, unsanitary water supply, bathing and waste systems. Insect populations and animals that need to be controlled if certain tropical diseases are to be prevented also spread tropical diseases.

Malaria kills up to 500 million individuals each year with 90% of the victims being from Africa. Malaria is caused by 4 species of parasites, namely female anopheles mosquitoes that are infected with the disease. Symptoms of malaria include spiking fever, chills, and flu-like symptoms. The complications from malaria are anemia and liver problems that if treatment is not started soon enough can lead to kidney failure, coma and death.

There are approximately 1,000 reports of malaria in the United States each year. Usually these cases have originated from traveling in malaria-infected areas. To date there has never been found an infected mosquito in the United States.

Mosquitoes also cause the tropical diseases, dengue fever and yellow fever. Prevention tactics for these diseases include vaccination and personal protection against the mosquitos that transmit the diseases.

Tropical diseases are also caused by parasites including worms, female aedes, anopheles and other mosquitoes. Flatworms and snails also can cause tropical disease. Disease can be contracted from swimming in fresh water or bathing and drinking it. Chlorinated pools and salt water is considered lower risk. Another preventative is to let bathing water sit for 3 days before using it.

Avoiding the habitats such as mud, adobe or thatch building, especially those that have cracks or crevices where bugs can get in, can prevent chagas' disease active in Central and South America. The use of netting over beds is also advised to help prevent infection.

When traveling to foreign countries check with the Center for Disease Control (CDC) for information about preventing tropical diseases.

Better Your Health

 


What are Tropical Diseases
Are You Aware of the Neglected Tropical Diseases
Preventing Tropical Diseases
Prevention and Treatment for Common Tropical Diseases
The Six Neglected Tropical Diseases
Tropical Disease and Africa
Tropical Diseases in Brasil
What Every Traveler Should Know About Preventing Tropical Disease
What is Dengue Fever
Where are Tropical Diseases Occurring
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