Associated With The HIV Virus
The sad thing about the HIV and AIDS virus is that it is silent but deadly. You can be infected with the
HIV virus for more than ten years before the signs and symptoms begin showing up in your body. The HIV virus
works at slowly destroying your immune system that makes you susceptible for infections that a healthy body could
fight off. These opportunistic infections and cancers attack the body because it doesn’t have the immune
cells to fight these conditions.
One of the most common complications can be bacterial pneumonia. This is the disease that most people will
get while living with the HIV or AIDS. There are many different bacteria that can cause bacterial
pneumonia. It can develop on its own, or it can follow a simple upper respiratory infection, cold, or the
Tuberculosis is another dangerous and serious complication AIDS patients can develop. It is the leading
cause of death among patients who have AIDS. Millions of AIDS patients have tuberculosis and it is considered
a worldwide pandemic. These two diseases are similar in nature and having HIV makes you more susceptible to
TB. If an HIV patient gets TB, they are more likely to progress from the dormant stage to active AIDS.
If the patient already has TB, it puts them more at risk for developing HIV if they have been exposed. In
fact, one of the first signs that a patient has AIDS is if they develop TB. This is especially true if TB is
found outside the lungs.
Did You Know?
The best and most certain way of not getting HIV or AIDS is to avoid contact with
body fluids from an infected person. Contact can occur during homosexual or heterosexual activity.
Body fluids find an opening in the body and the infection is passed to another person.
The virus can get into the vagina, anus, mouth, and eyes. A person with an open cut
or wound can allow the virus into their body. If you are in the medical profession, it is urgent
you take precautions while handling patients. Gloves, masks, and goggles are necessary to protect
from accidental infection of the HIV virus. Research on the HIV virus and the disease of AIDS has
been continuing since the early 1980’s.
The epidemic is growing and scientists and researchers are constantly working on
vaccines and new therapies for AIDS and other HIV associated conditions. There are over 30 HIV
vaccines that are being tested on humans, and there are many other drugs for HIV or AIDS related
infections that are still being developed and tested by major laboratories.
Researchers are still trying to trace how the disease progresses and how it damages
the immune system.
If you have been diagnosed as HIV positive, you should have a simple skin test to discover if you have TB early
into your medical care. Today, someone in the world develops TB one every second and there are 5000 to 6000
deaths attributed to TB every day of the year. If you are HIV positive, you should be sure to tell your
sexual partners so they can protect themselves. Your doctor can run tests to measure progress the
disease. The test measures the viral load in the body and those who have a higher level will fare worse than
others with higher levels.
Positive TB tests should be followed with a chest x-ray to find out if the TB is active or inactive. If it is
still inactive, there are medications and treatments that can prevent TB from developing in the future. TB
can be passed to another person when a person sneezes, and other personal contact. This disease is highly
contagious. It is a concern to the world because even healthy people can develop tuberculosis.
A healthy immune system may be able to fight off the HIV virus far longer than one that is
Being exposed to the virus does not mean you will get it, and having the virus does not
guarantee you will develop AIDS.
Mycobaterium aviumcomplex or MAX is caused by a group of bacteria that cause an infection in the
respiratory tract. If you have advanced HIV infection or your CD4 count is below 50, you could develop an
infection that can attack any part of the body, including the spleen, liver, and bone marrow. It can cause
symptoms such as severe night sweats, fever, stomach pain, and diarrhea.