AIDS and HIV Information

AIDS Medical Terms

Once you have been diagnosed with the HIV virus or AIDS you will be bombarded with medical terms that may or may not be understandable to you.  It is important you take an active part in your medical care and treatment and to do that you will need to know some of the major terms used for your disease.  If you have picked a doctor or clinic you are comfortable with, you should be able to ask any questions that come to mind.  There are a few basic and common terms you should know as you begin the long journey through HIV and AIDS treatment.

Cancer:  This is a term for a disease in which abnormal cells divide totally out of control.  Cancer cells can spread to nearby tissues and spread through the bloodstream and lymphatic system to all parts of the body.  There are three main types of cancer.  Carcinoma cancer begins in the skin or tissues that line internal organs.  Sarcoma begins in fat, bone, cartilage, muscles, blood vessels and other supporting tissue.  Leukemia starts in the blood and in the tissue that forms it such as the bone marrow.

Chemotherapy and high-dose chemotherapy:  High dose chemotherapy is used for advanced stages of AIDS.  It is an intensive treatment that will destroy cancer cells, but will also destroy bone marrow.  It will cause extreme side effects and is normally followed by a stem cell or bone marrow transplant.

HAART:  This is a treatment developed for those patients who have HIV virus.  It is a combination of several antiretroviral drugs.  These drugs slow down the ability of the virus to multiply in the body.  The use of HAART will slow down the growth and development of AIDS.

Hodgkin’s Lymphoma:  This is a cancer of the immune system and includes enlargement of the lymph nodes, spleen and other tissues involved in the immune system.  Symptoms can include fatigue, weight loss, fever and night sweats.

Infection:  An infection occurs when germs multiply in the body.  They can occur anywhere and spread through the body.  These germs can be viral, bacterial, yeast or fungi in character.  They cause fever and other problems that depend on where the infection is occurring in the body.  Healthy people can fight off these infections, but if the immune system is weakened, the infections are difficult to fight.

Did You Know? 

Since 1981 when the HIV and Aids was first recognized as something new in the medical world, researchers and scientists have been working to learn as much about the new disease as possible.

So far they have determined the virus is spread by contact with another contaminated person’s body fluids. This could be through contact with blood, semen, and vaginal fluids. Once the body has the HIV virus it begins to produce more HIV particles and these begin attacking the T-cells. The T-cells or CD4 cells burst and that allows the virus to enter the bloodstream and invade other cells. You should already know the difference between HIV and AIDS.

HIV is a subgroup of retroviruses that cause AIDS. The virus kills cells in the body’s immune system and progressively destroys the body’s ability to fight infections. This inability to fight off infections also affects some cancers too. HIV gradually gets worse until the body is no longer able to fight off the infections and other bacteria that would normally not make people sick. These opportunistic infections will attack the body and could be potentially life threatening.

AIDS is the acronym for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. It was first recognized in New York City in 1981. The virus was isolated and identified in 1983, but it wasn’t until 1985 that a diagnostic test was developed to test for the disease.

Lymphoma:  This is a cancer that begins in the immune system.  There are two forms Hodgkin’s and nonHodgkin’s lymphoma. These two kinds of lymphomas can occur both in children and adults.  The treatment is based on the stage the cancer is in and if it is Hodgkin or nonHodgkin’s lymphoma.

NonHodgkin’s Lymphoma:  Also called NHL, this is a group of cancers that occur in the immune system.  Symptoms include enlarged or swollen lymph nodes, fever, and unexplained weight loss.  NonHodgkin’s lymphoma can be a fast-growing or slow-growing cancer.

Radiation Therapy:  High-energy radiation rays are used to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors.


AIDS Facts

Unprotected sex is the number one reason why people get HIV and Aids.

Side Effect:  A side effect is a medical problem that attacks the body because of the drugs used to treat AIDS.  It causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hair loss, and sores in the mouth.

White Blood Cell:  A white blood cell does not contain hemoglobin.  It does contain infection-fighting lymphocytes that are made by bone marrow to fight infections.



Better Your Health

HIV and AIDS Information and Resources
World Health Organization’s AIDS Staging
History of AIDS Looking Closer at the HIV Virus and AIDS
Living With HIV and AIDS
Know the Basics about AIDS
What are the Causes of AIDS
Homeopathic Ways of Treating the AIDS Patient
AIDS and the Nervous System
Options If You Are HIV Positive
The AIDS Patient and Opportunistic Infections
Advanced Signs of the HIV Virus
Tests For the HIV Virus
Other Health Concerns For The AIDS Patient
Prayer And Spirituality Used In The Treatment Of AIDS
How To Prepare For Your AIDS Medical Appointment
Aids and Viral Complications
Parasitic Infections Common to HIV Patients
AIDS Related Lymphoma
Treating AIDS Related Lymphoma
Serious Complications Associated With The HIV Virus
White Blood Cells And AIDS
Neurological Complications Associated with AIDS
What To Do If You Think You Might Have Aids
New Developments In AIDS Research
Coping With Your AIDS Diagnosis
The Symptoms of HIV Infection
Education Is The Key To Stopping the AIDS Epidemic
The Emphasis Must Be On Prevention for HIV and AIDS
AIDS Medical Terms
Take An Active Role In Your AIDS Medical Treatment
Reducing The HIV Risk Factors
Keeping A Positive Outlook For AIDS Patients
Acupuncture To Relieve The Side Effects Of AIDS Treatment
A Healthy Lifestyle Can Help You Treat AIDS
AIDS Patients Are In It For Life
Basic AIDS Information
Do You Need To Let Everyone Know That You Are HIV Positive
Important Vitamins and Minerals for a Person with HIV
Treatments Available for the Patient with HIV or AIDS
Ways You Cannot Get The HIV Virus
Treatments Available for the HIV Positive Woman
Understanding the Basics of HIV
The United States AIDS Policy
Treatment Guidelines for the AIDS Patient
Treating Serious Illnesses in The AIDS Patient
HIV Transmission
How The HIV Virus Progresses
The Fear the AIDS Stigma Brings
I Tested Positive For the HIV Virus: What Now
How To Tell Other People You Are HIV Positive
Facts And Myths Regarding HIV Transmission
Some Recent Advances In The Fight Against AIDS
Preventive Measures You Can Take Concerning HIV Infection
Dates In AIDS History
The Impact of AIDS On MSM, Men Who Have Sex With Men
Dealing With Malnutrition For The HIV Infected Person
Know Your Personal HIV Risk Factors
Keeping Yourself AIDS Free
Are Condoms Effective As Protection Against AIDS Transmission
Juicings Possible Benefits To The Person With HIV
What Are The Initial Signs and Symptoms of HIV Infections
Five Classes of Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating AIDS
Dietary Needs And The HIV Patient
Misconceptions About AIDS
Oh No I have AIDS
The Staggering AIDS Statistics
Exercise May Boost Your Imune System
Aids And The Toll On Families
Immunization Needs For Adult AIDS Patients
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome: The Basic Facts
Is There A Silver Lining in The Cloud of AIDS
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